The Day of George Martin
George Henry Martin was a musician, producer, arranger, composer, audio engineer, he was also known like ' The Fifth Beatle' for his unavailable contribution of the Beatles sound.
He was born on 3 january 1926 in Highbury, London. At the age of six his interest in music was piqued by a piano which the Martin family acquired. Martin taught himself to play piano.
His passion for music grew throughout his school days, which included a memorable performance from the BBC Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir Adrian Boult, George described it like a “magical” experience. After graduating, he worked at the BBC's classical music department, and in 1950 joined EMI as an assistant to Parlophone boss Oscar Preuss. When Preuss retired in 1955, Martin took over as head of Parlophone. His greatest successes came with comedy and novelty records from artists including the Goons, Rolf Harris, Flanders and Swann and, most successfully, the Beyond the Fringe show, starring Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Alan Bennett and Jonathan Miller.
On February 1962, George was told about Brian Epstein, who was managing a pop group that had been turned down by the majority of labels including Decca. Martin did think well of John Lennon and Paul McCartney's vocals.
He agreed to sign the contract only when he had heard an audition from the band. This took place on 6 June 1962, produced by Ron Richards with engineer Norman Smith. Martin was not present at the session, but did meet the band and listened to the recordings. He was impressed by their wit, when he asked them if there was anything they didn't like, George Harrison replied, "I don't like your tie". From then on the session was filled with jokes, which warmed Martin towards them. Few years Later Martin told in an interwiew that he was very moved because: “they had that idiotic sense of humour that I love too, and that made me want to be with them. If you haven’t got a good sense of humour, life’s not worth living" .
The Beatles returned to Abbey Road on 4 September, for their first sessions with George Martin, they recorded Love Me Do. Please Please Me was recorded in November 1962. At the end of the session, George told them “Gentlemen, you have just made your first number one record." Many early Beatles songs were rehearsed and arranged on the spot in the studio, immediately prior to recording. As The Beatles' confidence and curiosity in the studio grew, George Martin encouraged them to experiment, and gradually the old conventions of recording was questioned and often discarded. Martin acted as the band's arranger, and he played piano on a number of songs from the release of the Please Please Me album.
He suggested adding a string quartet to Yesterday, and scored other songs including Eleonor Rigby and Penny Lane. He was also called upon to offer solutions to the musically-untrained Beatles' often wayward requests. These included the recording in two different case and tempi of Strawberry Fields Forever, the circus noises on Being For The Benefit Of Mister Kite and the realisation of the orchestral climaxes in A Day In The Life. Martin left EMI's employment in 1965 but continued to work in a freelance capacity. He did, however, score the Yellow Submarine soundtrack and produced the band's final album, Abbey Road.
Martin talked about his collaboration with “The Fab Four”: “they astonished me with their ideas. Each song they brought to me was a gem, and I said to myself, 'it can’t last.” I’d say to them, “That’s great, now give me a better one.” And they did. I was so thrilled with what they gave me" . He also declared that his favourite Beatles albums are: “I like Revolver very much and I like Rubber Soul very much, but I’m very fond of Abbey Road. Probably because it’s the last album we made, and we kind of knew”
After The Beatles' break-up, George Martin continued to produce a range of artists via his company Associated Independent Recording (AIR). He worked with Jeff Beck, Tom Jones, Celine Dion and many more.
In '90s Martin oversaw the post-production of the Anthology albums, once again working with The Beatles' engineer Geoff Emerick. He used an eight-track analogue mixing desk, which he felt had a truer sound than its modern digital counterparts. In 2006 George Martin and his son Giles embarked on an ambitious remix project of The Beatles' songs for the Cirque Du Soleil's joint venture with Apple Corps. The result was the Love album, which contained extracts from over 130 Beatles songs. It included a new orchestral score, written by Martin, for a solo demo of While My Guitar Gently Weeps originally recorded by George Harrison in 1968. Martin also produced two of the best known James Bond themes. The first was "Goldfinger" by Shirley Bassey in 1964. The second, in 1973, was "Live And Let Die" by Paul McCartney and Wings for the film of same name. He also composed and produced the film's score.
In his sparring time Martin wrote two books All You Need Is Ears that described his work with the Beatles and another artists, Summer of Love:The Making of Sgt Peppers which also included interview quotations from a 1992 South Bank Show episode discussing the album. Martin also edited a 1983 book called Making Music: The Guide to Writing, Performing and Recording.